Conveyor systems are undoubtedly among the most common sights seen on all kinds of factory floors. These systems are irreplaceable when it comes to transferring products from one area of the factory floor to the other and ensuring the flow of production. Also, conveyors can be used to transport all kinds of materials and products, which can include raw materials, food, chemicals, and so on. With them, a factory floor manager can easily control where the products and materials go, stop and stall the movement of materials and products if necessary, and speed up their movement.
When it comes to choosing an appropriate conveyor system, there are a number of options available, each with their own characteristics and unique features. The most commonly used types include overhead conveyor systems, bucket, roller, and belt systems.
Overhead Conveyor Systems
These systems are often used when there is the need to move certain assemblies and foods. Even though overhead conveyors are not cheap, they are very cost-effective, as they require very little workforce for efficient operation, thus ensuring lower operating costs. Besides being quite cost-effective, these systems are also popular because they are very safe.
Overhead conveyors can normally be seen hanging from the walls and ceilings of factory floors. These walls and ceilings are usually constructed from steel, so as to ensure enhanced stability and durability. In addition to being widely used for unit assembly, overhead systems are also a common sight in various distribution centers and warehouses as well.
Bucket Conveyor Systems
The bucket, or elevator, conveyor systems are commonly used for moving and transporting bulk materials up and down the factory floor or warehouse. The most distinguishing feature of bucket conveyor systems is its versatility. Thus, they can be quite useful for transporting both light and heavy materials and products, as well as those that are lumpy and large or fine and delicate.
Belt Conveyor Systems
Even though these systems can efficiently transport individual loads from one processing system point to another, they are mainly used to move numerous loads in bulk. As opposed to the overhead conveyor systems, belt ones are rather cheap as well as highly customizable and versatile. They can be equipped with a significant number of extra features and conveyor accessories, which can substantially enhance and modify the performance of the conveyors. Another great feature of belt systems is their ease of use and the fact that they can be easily controlled via push buttons or intelligent control systems, in order to ensure highly accurate movement.
Last, but not least, we have the roller conveyors. Just like the belt ones, these conveyors are also quite affordable and versatile. They can also be readily equipped with a variety of extra equipment pieces and accessories, so as to provide additional functionality or enhanced safety. These days, roller conveyor systems are mostly used in heavy-duty environments. They are mostly focused on providing efficient storage of heavy products, usually automotive ones, as well as safe and efficient pallet handling.